Tuesday, 25 May 2010

High-Tech Mirror: Touch-Screen Panel MP3 Player & Radio

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High-Tech Mirror: Touch-Screen Panel MP3 Player & Radio: [ Filed under Lights & Mirrors or in the Fixtures category ]


Like to sing in the shower? Hate it when the mirror gets fogged? Prefer to get your daily weather forecast up front before you even leave the bathroom? This interactive, all-in-one, fog-free panel design might just make your morning a bit brighter.



First the music: we are getting used to touch-screen solutions in cars, computer monitors and cell phones, but the bathroom is a new frontier – the mirror comes with a built-in FM tuner as well as flash drive and iPod-compatible ports to plug and play your own choice of tunes. Light-up LED controls in the lower corner let a user punch in commands before brushing or while shaving in the otherwise mirrored, modern, open-frame surface.



Meanwhile, a built-in light along the top lets you see what you are doing without bothering to add an additional water-resistant fixture – and, of course, there are the hidden electronics for defogging so you can see what you are doing as well as the control buttons. So you know how to dress and won’t be late for work, a mini time and temperature display are also present. Futuristic navigation for a bathroom mirror? Sure. But already being built by Roca.

Origami Style: Paper-Thin, Patio-Ready White Folding Chairs

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Origami Style: Paper-Thin, Patio-Ready White Folding Chairs: [ Filed under Furniture or in the Chairs category ]


From a first look it is hard to picture such a thin-structured piece of seating furniture standing up to much weight, let alone wind, rain and other outdoor elements you encounter when you camp, go to the beach or sometimes find when simply sitting on the lawn. Using tough, rigid and lightweight polypropylene lets each chair retain its paper-thin character while making it more durable than typical wood, plastic or even metal (which can rust) alternatives which require covers or indoor storage when not in use.



Cut, scored and folded to work much like real traditional paper origami, the pieces and parts of this chair show their origins clearly – you can almost unfold it in your mind to see that flat sheet from which they came, just as intended by designer Stefan Schoenig. At the same time, the curves within the legs and back serve as arch-style support to make them capable of holding up higher loads than one would expect.



Some iterations of this work were made with luxury audiences in mind, intended to be covered in leather and naturally only viable for indoor use. Taking the ‘folding’ aesthetic beyond merely the superficial, however, the versions crafted from more versatile synthetics instead seem somehow more convincing as both art (visually) and furniture (able to fold up as needed).

All-in-One, Compact, Black & White Kitchen-in-a-Box Design

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All-in-One, Compact, Black & White Kitchen-in-a-Box Design: [ Filed under Space-Saving or in the Interiors category ]


Black, white, ultra-modern and minimalist, this elegantly simple design features an amazing array of capabilities hidden inside for cooking, cleaning, cooling and disposing of food. At just over a foot and a half wide by about a foot long, it may the most compact all-in-one, complete-kitchen furniture/fixture object even proposed – it has everything but the kitchen sink.



Like a portable cooking island, the entire system was designed by He Ruimin to move in any direction on wheels, with burner spots on the top for a chef on the go. This hot spot is covered by food cutting surfaces and preparation areas that can be pulled back to reveal the heating zone.



Fold-out kitchenware storage, a refrigerator door and disposal area all sit flush against the smooth curved side surfaces until needed. How does this design in particular manage to pack so much into such a small area? The main space-saving concept that works throughout the piece is quite simple: let no area go to waste in any of the three dimensions – such as the space typically lost beneath the open surface of a traditional table.

Sit on It! 15 (More!) Marvelously Modern Chair Designs

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Sit on It! 15 (More!) Marvelously Modern Chair Designs: [ By Delana in Architecture & Design, Furniture & Interiors. ]


In the modern home, chairs are more than just a place to plant your seat. They’re part of an overall design scheme, statements about your personal style and a way to complement your other furniture and art pieces. From ghosts and monsters to teddy bears and musical instruments, these modern chair designs are all about the unusual, the quirky and the totally unforgettable.



Seating Spectres



(images via: Dezeen)

It’s not easy to design a chair that both grabs attention and looks like it isn’t there at all. Design Drift presented their “Ghost Chair” collection in 2008: the furniture is made of clear plexiglass with laser-formed ghostly shapes inside each piece. In the right lighting, the plexiglass forms are invisible, and all one can see is the organic shapes inside which appear to be made of motionless smoke.


The Nesting Phase



(image via: Best Modern Chair)

If you’re looking for a space-saving chair that doesn’t economize on style, the Nesting Chair from Dripta Roy is just the thing. The solid wooden chair slides into several hollow chairs (and one solid center) when more seating is needed, then smoothly slides back together when the party is over and the house needs to get back to normal.


Furniture That Makes a Splash



(image via: Yanko Design)

Designer Michael Wendel was inspired by macro photographs of liquid droplets that looked comfortable enough to nestle into. He took this kernel of an idea and turned it into a human-sized liquid droplet lounge chair. The painstaking process of making a scale model, plotting the full-size version, and building the chair layer by layer was obviously worth it, because the finished product is a stunning and impressive work of modern furniture art.


Roll With It



(images via: Dornob)

Furniture that seems to defy gravity is always amazing, and this transforming chair from Uros Vitas is no exception. The wooden slats are held together with bands of metal that allow the chair to be rolled up when not in use. When the chair is in its fully extended position, it seems to magically hold itself there with no support other than the thin metal strips.


Duck! It’s a Lounge Chair!



(images via: I New Idea)

For people with exceptionally long legs, or for those who just like to stretch out, the Ducking Lounge Chair has more than enough room. Resembling both a duck’s open bill and a swimming pool’s diving board, this unique chair provides just enough “give” to be comfortable without toppling over.


Musical Chairs



(image via: Joon&Jung)

They may look like musical instruments, but these chairs are more an exercise in relaxation. They’re designed to be filled with sand which shifts and sways with every rock of the chair, making a beautifully organic beach-like sound. Meant to be both urban and natural, these beach sounds chairs allow a leisurely nature experience in the comfort of one’s home.


No Ordinary Origami



(images via: Dornob)

If origami is the art of folding paper, and modern furniture design is the pursuit of creating bold new pieces for the home, this chair is the perfect marriage of the two. The clever folding mechanism uses thin, movable plastic to collapse the full-size chair into a far more compact size, leaving you with some extra storage room and bedecking your home with a truly unique and sophisticated dining chair.


Bowing to Clever Design



(images via: Jennifer Heier)

Designer Jennifer Heier wanted to shift the subject/object roles of humans and their furniture, so she created, among other unusual furniture items, the ReLegs Chair. It functions just like a normal chair, but it features “knees” that allow its legs to function in a way similar to human legs. The designer says that the upright position is for regular sitting, and while the reclined position is more comfortable for the sitter, it is not so for the chair, which has to prostrate itself for human use. Whether or not the chair knows it’s kneeling is not up for debate; all that matters here is this incredibly unusual design.


Ruby Rocks



(image via: Ruby Rocking Chair)

Designed to both resemble and pamper the human body, the Ruby Rocking Chair includes water-filled “smart pillows” to cushion the back and bottom. The cushions are available in different sizes to fit every body type, and they help keep the skin cool in warmer environments. The chair’s designer, Pouyan Mokhtarani, wanted to create a piece of furniture that would offer unparalleled comfort, and he claims that sitting in it once will make you feel like you can rule the world.


Scrub-a-Dub-Dub, Relax in the Tub



(images via: The Baek)

Bathtubs are often a refuge in the home, a place where we go to relax and get away from the hassles of everyday life. It only seems logical to turn this oasis of comfort into a lounge chair. That’s exactly what designer Baek Ki Kim did with this elegant reworking of the classic bathtub aesthetic: smooth rounded lines and a sense of being enclosed in a (temporarily) private world.


Cuddly Seat



(images via: Matti Klenell)

Do you ever miss the warm embrace of your favorite childhood teddy bear? This giant stuffed bear armchair from artist Matti Klenell takes the comfort of a favorite stuffed animal and blows it up to massive proportions.


Chairchitecture



(image via: Klick_It)

Designed by legendary architect Frank Gehry, the Cross Check armchair was inspired by the woven apple crates Gehry used to play with as a child. The smooth, flowing lines of the interwoven lightweight maple strips make this chair seem more delicate than it actually is.


Monster Chair Hacks



(images via: Tricky)

Old office chairs just seem to have monster-sized personalities – at least that’s what one artist thought. These conceptual office chair hacks take a staple of the furniture world – the classic Eero Saarinen office chair – and turn it into a fun and hilarious new product using the pre-existing characteristics.


Tanks for the Seat!



(images via: Dezeen)

American recording artist Pharrell Williams designed this eye-catching chair, which consists of a leather seat and plexiglass base. Williams wanted to create a design that would address the theme of war; indeed, the base of his “Tank” chair is reminiscent of tank treads. According to Williams, he thought about the reasons behind young people serving in the military and pictured what it must be like “to sit in the seats of [their] youth.”


No Use For a Chair



(images via: Dornob)

This chair concept is so modern and forward-thinking that it doesn’t even require a seat at all. The clever invention is little more than a strap that you wrap around your legs and body, holding your legs up into a natural folded sitting position. As long as you don’t mind perching on a floor or sidewalk wherever you happen to be, this has to be the most compact seat design ever.

Amazing Living Art: 18 Giant Rice Murals [PICS]

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Amazing Living Art: 18 Giant Rice Murals [PICS]: [ By Angie in Art & Design, Geography & Travel, Home & Garden. ]


Imagine having a gigantic canvas the size of 15,000 square meters and your mural design will be living art. In Japan, rice field art is intricate, beautiful and bizarre. Cooler than crop circles, rice paddy art is becoming a big business that attracts crowds. The agricultural artistry is incredibly inventive which gives rise to marketing creativity. Here are 18 amazing and artistic rice murals.



Rice Field Art Rumored As A Hoax



(image credits: hemmy)

Crop circles are argued to be produced by aliens or drunken pranksters, but folks shouted, “Hoax!” and “Shopped!” when this picture of Mona Lisa circulated on the interwebs. Stunning and intricate rice field art is real. When a paddy is used as a canvas to create giant pictures in the rice fields, it is called Tanbo art. It was the Japanese who grew Mona Lisa grew in 2003. This was the first extremely intricate motif.


Canvas Size = 15,000 sq Meters of Land



(image credits: weirdasianews)

Even if a person is blessed enough to be born with artistic ability, most artists do not start with a canvas that is 15,000 square meters. The patterns are decided upon in April. The fields are planted in May and the bizarre agricultural murals are at full splendor in September. It’s not photoshopped, but computers do play a part in developing the designs. Farmers first sketch out their patterns, since each of the four different colored rice varieties have to be planted with precision.


Visualize the Patience, the Process



(image credits: hemmy)

The tradition of artistic rice fields was started in 1993 in Japan. The above field is located in the village of Inakadate, located 600 miles north of Toyko. For the first nine years, a simple mountain pattern was grown. The rice paddy mural motif for 2007 was Hokusai – from Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji, “The Great Wave off Kanagawa” and “South Wind, Clear Sky.”


Artistic Rice Fields



Century-old farming tradition met creative artistry out of a desire for Inakadate to revitalize their village. By 2005, the rice field art was so popular that the artwork designs took on much more intricate patterns. By 2006, over 200,000 people traveled to Inakadate to see the living rice mural. In order to see the entire field, a 22 meter mock castle was constructed for appreciative and awed viewers.




(image credits: amazingphotos4all,tywkiwdbi,damncoolpics)

These giant living works of Japanese art are relatively new, but rice has been grown in most of these same areas for over 2,000 years.



Although the fields now appear painted, local green-leafed tsugaru roman variety rice is planted along with purple and yellow-leafed kodaimai rice.


Giant to Smaller Crop Murals



Yonezawa, Japan, followed suit and designed a field with fictional warrior Naoe Kanetsugu and his wife Osen. From village to village, different patterns are grown. Some include the genre ukiyo-e like the Japanese woodblock prints or paintings which were produced between the 17th and the 20th centuries. Common ukiyo-e motifs are historic tales, landscapes, theater, and “pleasure quarters.” On the bottom is the 2005 agricultural artistry featuring Sharaku – “Otani Oniji” and Utamaro – “Anthology of Poems: The Love Section.”



This agricultural artistry of Ebisu and Daikoku was used in 2008. This is Ebisu, god of fishers and merchants. He is one of the Seven Gods of Fortune.



Smaller works of crop art sprung up in other rice-farming areas of Japan like these murals of Doraemon and deer dancers.



(image credits: weirdasianews,askanet,Japan Times)

In 2006, Inakadate fields featured Fujin and Raijin. Fujin is the god of the wind and located on the right side of the field. Raijin is the god of thunder and lightning.


Inakadate Rice Murals



Naoe Kanetsugu, a commander from the Sengoku period, in on the left side of the rice mural. Napoleon is on the right side of the 2009 Inakadate field.



Upon closer inspection, the rows and thousands of rice plants become visible. It’s somewhat mind-boggling to imagine hand-planting each of the plants in the precise spots to create rice paddy art.



Closer still, it is easier to see the mingling of the different rice varieties. Planting the “Paddy Art” takes hundreds of villagers and volunteers. The village population is only about 8,700.



(image credits: kellyvbrown,hoax-slayer)


Inakadate is the undisputed leader in cultivating intricate and fantastic living works of art. The 2009 theme was Warlords and Napoleon.


Rice Murals – Paddy Art & Drama



Rice field art is incredibly inventive, but marketing the living mural is even more creative. The 2008 rice mural caused drama since an ad was carefully placed to grow within it. This 3.7-acre rice mural in Inakadate features Daikoku, the god of wealth. Daikoku is holding the “magic money mallet.” Japan Airlines has a crop-based advertisement under Daikoku. The incorporated advertising met with disapproval from the former mayor, Ryuji Sato. He also happens to own the field. After a week of heated debates, town hall employees were dispatched to uproot the rice plants that formed the JAL logo.





(image credits: telegraph)

The above animal and historic scenes were drama and ad free.



In this stop-motion video of the 2008 Inakadate rice crop art, daily images from June 1 to July 8 were captured from a roof webcam. On July 4, the webcam was shutdown when workers were sent to remove the cultivated JAL ad from the crop. We can’t wait to see what new yet spectacular giant crop murals will cover the rice fields in Japan . . . . also if ads designs will be growing in the rice paddy art venues.

Wednesday, 19 May 2010

Prefab Home Office Interior-plus-Furniture Pod Design Idea

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Prefab Home Office Interior-plus-Furniture Pod Design Idea: [ Filed under Offices & Studies or in the Interiors category ]


We get the point: modular, convertible, transforming, hideaway, space-saving furniture is the way of the future, so what is there left to do? Prototypes for compact kitchens, combined living-and-dining rooms and home-office pods abound, but the next step is to create designs that do even more by truly sectioning off functional spaces from one another and becoming as mobile as possible.



Though still unbuilt, the LoftBox by Atelier Graff seems like a good candidate for this second-generation approach to versatile interior and furniture design. More than just another multi-functional home furnishing, this piece uses minimal materials to create a separate-feeling spatial zone – an area one can use for small meetings, a phone call, personal workspace or other ’space within a space’ needs.



When folded back up, it is as minimalist as can be – an unobtrusive-looking object that could be used as an ottoman or coffee table, left right out in the middle of a room without causing any visual or physical disturbances. In short: this idea appears to be on the right track, combining elements of creative modern functionality, basic luxury and the best space-saving office-in-a-box-concepts.

Kickin’ Ash: 10 Amazing Active Volcanoes

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Kickin’ Ash: 10 Amazing Active Volcanoes: [ By Steve in 7 Wonders Series, Geography & Travel, Nature & Ecosystems. ]



Volcanoes are in the news and not in a good way, but Iceland’s tongue-twistingly named, travel-disrupting Eyjafjallajökull volcano is just doing what volcanoes do: erupt. It’s not alone, either. Around the world at any given moment, dozens of volcanoes are smoking, shaking and stirring up their neighborhoods. Here are 10 of the most active.



Kilauea, Hawaii, USA


(images via: Plan59, SlowTrav and WillGoTo)


Kilauea Volcano on the island of Hawaii (the Big Island) is widely considered to be the most active volcano on Earth. Over the course of its most recent eruption which began in January of 1983, the volcano has expelled enough lava to pave a road around the planet three times over.


(image via: NaturalPhotos)


If not for its brilliant orange lava fountains and slow-flowing rivers of molten rock, Kilauea wouldn’t be much to look at: though the summit is 4,091 feet (1,247m) above sea level, the gently sloping shield volcano is dwarfed by neighboring 13,677 ft (4,169m) high Mauna Loa… for the present, at least.


(image via: Kilauea Adventure)


Kilauea’s name means “spewing” in the Hawaiian language; an indication that the volcano has been erupting long before England’s Captain Cook discovered the Hawaiian Islands in the late 18th century. One relic of those days are the “1790 Footprints” preserved in hardened lava from an explosive eruption of Kilauea. The footprints are said to have been left by up to 80 warriors from a dissident Hawaiian faction who died in a pyroclastic flow from Kilauea.



Etna, Italy


(images via: TripAdvisor, Discovery and Wikimedia)


Mount Etna, on the Italian island of Sicily, has been erupting more or less continuously for the past 2,000 years though its overall history stretches back approximately 300,000 years. Though somewhat less famous (or infamous) than neighboring Mount Vesuvius, Mount Etna greatly outclasses the latter peak as it rises 2.5 times its height. In addition, most of Etna’s more spectacular eruptions and associated geological events occurred in prehistory. The volcano erupted in every year from 200 through 2008 and its recent eruption occurred in April of 2010.


(images via: Wohba)


Volcanoes occasionally belch giant smoke rings into the sky, a rare and curious phenomenon that can last up to 15 minutes and range in size up to 600 feet across! Mount Etna has blown volcanic smoke rings on a number of occasions; some of those that occurred during the 2000 eruption have been documented photographically.



Nyamuragira, Democratic Republic of Congo



(images via: VolcanoDiscovery, PHSchool, WorldPOI and FreeRepublic)


Mount Nyamuragira is an active volcano located in the Virunga Mountains of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Although it has erupted more than 30 times since explorers of European origin began documenting the mountain in the 1880s, recent eruptions have caused ever greater concern as the surrounding area has become heavily populated. As well, the Virunga range is one of the last remaining sanctuaries for threatened great apes including majestic Mountain Gorillas.


(image via: My Joy Online)


Mount Nyamuragira brought in the new year with an eruption: On January 2, 2010, lava began to flow from the main crater eventually reaching a distance of 1,640 feet (500m) downslope to the south and southwest. Mount Nyamuragira often exudes a particularly thin and fast-moving type of lava that makes any necessary evacuations hurried and often disorganized affairs.



Sakurajima, Japan



(images via: Tags-Search, Geology-SDSU and The Land of Fire, Satsuma)


The Sakurajima volcano is located on what was formerly an island in southern Japan’s Kagoshima Bay. The island is now connected to the mainland via a low-lying peninsula created by lava flows during the mountain’s immense eruption of 1914. Sakurajima stands 3,665 feet (1,117m) above sea level and has been erupting more or less continuously since 1955.


(image via: Pink Tentacle)


Sakurajima is a successor volcano that exudes and erupts magma from the huge subterranean chamber beneath the Aira Caldera. This 12 mile (20 km) wide caldera was created approximately 22,000 years ago in a massive eruption that sent ash and tephra hundreds of miles in every direction. Should Sakurajima follow the same path to destruction, millions of people will find themselves at extreme risk.



Erebus, Antarctica


(images via: James Caird Society and Rutgers)


The world’s most southerly active volcano, Mount Erebus has been erupting since 1972 though the eruptions have varied greatly in intensity. The 12,448 ft (3,794m) snow-covered stratovolcano is covered with snow but harbors in its crater a red hot, long-lasting lava lake that can be seen from space.


(image via: Neatorama)


Mount Erebus regularly subjects its frigid environs to a blast of geothermal activity, resulting in ethereal ice caves and horn-like fumaroles carved out of its icy coat by scalding steam. Though considered to be in a state of eruption, Mount Erebus behaves rather calmly (as volcanoes go) and has been extensively studied by volcanologists based at nearby McMurdo Station (USA) and Scott Base (NZ).



Chaitén, Chile


(images via: UPI, Xinhuanet and FEWW)


The Chaitén volcano in southern Chile began erupting on May 2 of 2008, an event that caught scientists by surprise as the mountain’s last eruption was estimated to have occurred about 9,500 years ago. Though the mountain is still in an eruptive state, the initial stages were marked by the expulsion of voluminous ash clouds shot through by incandescent bolts of lightning.


(image via: Brisbane Times)


Within 24 hours of the eruption’s inception, a huge plume of ash had risen tens of thousands of feet into the sky, there to be blown to the southeast by upper level winds. The ash plume was photographed from orbiting satellites and can be seen above, stretching completely across the width of Argentina and far into the South Atlantic Ocean.



Anak Krakatau, Indonesia


(images via: Kaskus, Jorge Santos and Joe Meintjes Travel)


Anak Krakatau (“child of Krakatoa”) may not be especially large but note the name – it carries within it the seeds of future disaster. Though the famed 1883 explosive eruption of its parent peak (Krakatoa, east of Java) caused the deaths of roughly 36,000 people, a similar event today would be unfathomably worse due to exceptional population growth over the past century.


(image via: Mornby)


As Anak Krakatau grows larger – it’s been adding approximately 5 inches (13cm) per week to its height since 1955 – it also grows more dangerous. The volcano’s current eruptive phase began in April of 2008 and is ongoing.


(image via: Dennis Dimick)


Anak Krakatau first poked its summit above the surface of the Sunda Strait between the Indonesian islands of Java and Sumatra in August of 1930 and by 2005 had reached a height of 985 feet (300m)… when Krakatoa exploded with the force of a 200 megaton atomic bomb in 1883 it was 2,667 ft (813m) high.



Tungurahua, Ecuador


(images via: ScienceBlogs and Essential Amazon Adventure)




Tungurahua is one of the world’s tallest volcanoes, soaring 16,480 ft (5,023 m) into the thin Andean air above the South American nation of Ecuador. Those figures will likely need to be revised… Tungurahua has been actively erupting since 1999 with major eruptions occurring in 2006 and 2008.


(image via: NASA)


As with most high volcanoes in the Andes, Tungurahua’s upper slopes are snow-covered and the summit is capped by a small glacier… well, they were until 1999 when the volcano’s eruption quickly melted them away. The greatest danger from such volcanoes is not so much the ash, lava and superheated pyroclastic flows, but flooding and mudslides sweeping into populated areas on the volcano’s lower slopes. The evacuation of 25,000 people from the hot springs resort town of Banos was mainly to safeguard them from that possibility.



Yasur, Vanuatu


(images via: RedBubble, VivaProject and TravelPod)


Mount Yasur, on Tanna Island in the South Pacific archipelago of Vanuatu, not only has been erupting for many centuries, but perks up several times per hour! Though just 1,184 feet (361m) in height, Mount Yasur is crowned by an almost perfectly circular summit crater over 1,300 feet (400m) wide.


(image via: Volcano Discovery)


Much like Hawaii’s Kilauea, Mount Yasur erupts in a very predictable manner and at a steady level of activity, allowing tourists to approach to very close distances. An example of this was seen during the broadcast of “Survivor: Vanuatu – Islands of Fire”, when players who won a reward challenge enjoyed a picnic of hotdogs and beer while Mount Yasur’s lava fountains provided a unique sound and light show.



Eyjafjallajökull, Iceland


(images via: Stromboli Online)


Last but not least, the noisy newsmaker itself – Eyjafjallajökull. The volcano’s current eruptive phase may have only just begun: its previous eruption which began in December of 1821 lasted well into 1823. Volcanologists have determined that Eyjafjallajökull also erupted in the year 1612, and before that in 920.


(images via: Stromboli Online and The Great Beyond)


Ominously, each of the three previous eruptions of Eyjafjallajökull were followed by the eruption of Katla, a much larger subglacial volcano just 15 miles (25km) away. In a BBC interview broadcast on April 20, Icelandic President Ólafur Grímsson described the current chaos caused by Eyjafjallajökull as “a small rehearsal”, and warned that “the time for Katla to erupt is coming close… we [Iceland] have prepared… it is high time for European governments and airline authorities all over the world to start planning for the eventual Katla eruption.” C’mon Ólafur, don’t sugarcoat it, give it to us straight, OK?


Just to show that Ólafur isn’t kidding, here’s a video showing what active Icelandic volcanoes like Eyjafjallajökull are all about:


Volcano Eyjafjallajoekull at Iceland, via Marcszeglat





(images via: PC WIN and Daily Mail UK)


Some wonder as to the reasons for the increasing appearances of volcanic eruptions in the news media (global warming? The End Times?), but in actuality it’s WE who are appearing more – in closer proximity to active volcanoes than ever before. Population pressure will do that and there’s nothing like an infusion of volcanic ash and minerals to boost the fertility of soil and attract opportunistic farmers. One might say, don’t blame science fiction, instead blame human friction.